What Happens To The Eye When You Have Keratoconus?

  
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Keratoconus is an eye disorder that results in the cornea thinning and bulging. Normally, the cornea is round.

But with keratoconus, the cornea becomes cone-shaped. It also results in the central part of the eye extending outwards.

This condition is hard to detect in its early stages until it affects your vision. Keep reading to learn more about what happens when you have keratoconus!

What are the Symptoms of Keratoconus?

One of the most common symptoms of keratoconus is having an irregular shaped cornea. Even if you have a cornea that is an irregular shape, you might not be able to see the changes.

This isn’t something you can see even if you use a mirror or someone else looks at your eye. But an eye doctor can detect it during an eye exam.

Another common symptom of keratoconus is if you have a frequently changing prescription. This is true for both contact lenses and glasses.

This is a sign of a cornea whose shape is changing irregularly. Your eye doctor may recommend eye tests to check for the disorder.

How Does Keratoconus Affect the Eyes?

When the cornea becomes thin and cone-shaped, it leads to nearsightedness and astigmatism. This is because a cornea that’s an irregular shape can’t refract light onto the retina properly.

Astigmatism is a refractive error that occurs when the cornea is incorrectly curved. This then leads to blurred vision.

With nearsightedness, you will experience difficulty seeing things that are farther away clearly.

Keratoconus can affect one or both eyes. It is common in most patients in their teens or twenties.

What Causes Keratoconus?

One of the leading causes of keratoconus appears to be heredity. If there’s anyone in your family with keratoconus, you should have regular eye exams. This ensures that if you have the condition, you can start treatment as early as possible.

Another factor that can contribute to keratoconus is if you frequently rub your eyes. This can actually scar the corneal tissue and eventually weakens it.

People with conditions like eczema and asthma also have an increased risk of developing keratoconus.

What are the Treatment Options for Keratoconus?

If keratoconus is diagnosed early, your ophthalmologist may prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses. Prescription glasses are usually enough when the condition is mild.

As keratoconus progresses, contacts are more effective. This is because they can change the shape of your cornea.

Since keratoconus is a progressive disorder, you’ll eventually need to change from soft to hard contact lenses. With keratoconus, you’ll get to a point when contacts won’t help anymore.

When this happens, your eye doctor may recommend collagen cross-linking, or a transplant as a last alternative. During a corneal transplant, the surgeon will remove diseased corneal tissue and replace it with healthy tissue from a donor.

In cross-linking, riboflavin and UV light strengthen the cornea’s collagen bonds to improve and keep its shape.

If you have keratoconus, it’s important that you get the proper care for your eyes. Schedule an appointment with the doctors at Herschel LASIK and Cataract Institute in Orlando, FL today!

Those who know choose Herschel LASIK and Cataract Institute

Beautiful office. Amazing and caring staff. Getting my surgery done Saturday and the Doctor and the staff helped choose the right option for me and I didn't feel pushed to commit. One of the only few who commits the patient to a dry eye treatment as per my research. Post-surgery I hope to keep my 5 star rating because I have nothing bad to say!

Yogi Nayyar (Google), February 2020

I recently did my LASIK procedure about 1 week ago and was completely blown away from beginning to end with the SERVICE received from the entire staff at Herschel LASIK. The office is beautifully decorated and the staff was always professional, personable, knowledgeable and friendly. I particularly enjoyed the way that everything was explained clearly before, during and after my procedure and questions were always encouraged and answered. My experience was the best encounter to date with a physician. Excellent doctor + excellent support staff +excellent service = excellent experience and a happy customer. Thank you so much Dr. Herschel, Doris and Francesca.

Vernicia Sturrup (Google), September 2019

Great service, sometimes a bit of a wait, but I take a full lobby as a sign of a well recommended doctor. Staff is friendly & quick to answerphones & squeeze me in when I got an eye problem. Would definitely recommend them to anyone wanting to get LASIK. Doctor even personally called to check on me the night after my procedure.

Stephanie G. (Yelp), January 2020

I got my LASIK procedure done here. I was apprehensive, mostly because anything to do with my eyes kind of freaked me out.
I went under a free consultation. The nurses/assistants were very nice and they answered any questions I had. Then I met Dr. Herschel and he was very nice and understanding. He explained all that would happen, how everything works, how long recovery will be, everything.
So, I agreed and start the process. I love the fact you always meet with Dr. Herschel at every appointment.
I now have 20/20 vision.
I'd highly recommend going to him for all of your vision needs.

Kelsea K. (Yelp), November 2019

Great surgeon and great staff. Do your research, Dr. Herschel is more than just a LASIK surgeon. He is certified and specializes in all areas of eye surgery so have peace of mind that you are getting one of the best. They use current technology and machines. More so, if your eyes aren’t ready for surgery he has no problem delaying 1-2 weeks until they are 100% good-to-go. He will not risk your health for the sake of money.

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