What Is Presbyopia?

  
Woman drinking coffee

A common side effect that comes with age is losing your near-perfect vision. Suddenly, you realize that you need to squint to see some things.

This can result in eye strain. This steady decline in close up vision is known as presbyopia. If presbyopia isn’t corrected, it can impact your everyday life.

It may make it difficult to read receipts or instructions on your medication. Keep reading to learn more about presbyopia and how to treat it!

Causes of Presbyopia

Presbyopia is a result of issues with the eye lens found behind the pupil and iris. Both the cornea and lens are responsible for refracting incoming light and focusing it on the retina.

Once the light is on the retina, it is then converted into electric signals. These signals are then sent to the brain where they become images.

When you’re younger, the lens is normally flexible and soft. This allows the tiny muscles to change shape easily and enables the lens to focus light.

This is referred to as accommodation. But with age, your muscle fibers and lens gradually lose their elasticity.

The loss of elasticity also leads to the loss of accommodation. This causes the lens to focus light behind your retina, instead of on the retina. As a result, it compromises your ability to see near objects.

What is the Prevalence of Presbyopia?

Most people experience presbyopia at the age of 40 or older. Those older than 35 are still at risk of developing the condition.

The specific risk factors for presbyopia include:

  • Eye trauma
  • Individuals whose job involve extensive use of their near vision
  • Medications such as diuretics and antidepressants
  • Systemic illnesses such as cardiovascular diseases and diabetes

Presbyopia Symptoms

Some of the symptoms of presbyopia include:

  • Eyestrain
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue from doing up-close jobs
  • Finding it hard to read small print
  • Needing more light to see nearby objects
  • Holding reading materials such as magazines at arm’s length to focus properly on the words

While the symptoms of presbyopia and farsightedness are similar, farsightedness is as a result of a cornea that’s too flat.

Diagnosis of Presbyopia

A routine visit to your ophthalmologist can help detect presbyopia. During a comprehensive eye exam, your doctor may test your ability to see distant and far objects. They may also dilate your pupils to see the inside of your eyes.

Presbyopia Treatment

Although there is no cure for presbyopia, there are several ways to treat it.

Glasses

Your ophthalmologist may give you reading glasses for close-up jobs or reading. You may also have trifocal glasses for correcting near, far, and middle vision.

Your eye doctor may give you prescription bifocal glasses. Bifocals correct your lower near vision when observing through the lower part of your lens and correct distance vision when looking at something at eye level.

Monovision contact lenses

Monovision contact lenses are also available. This involves using one lens to correct near vision and another lens to correct distance vision.

For those that don’t want to wear contacts or glasses, there are other options such as:

  • Conductive keratoplasty – Here, radio waves are used to curve the cornea changing light refraction in your eye.
  • Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE) – RLE involves removing the natural lens and replacing it with an artificial lens or IOL
  • Implanting corneal inlays to replace your hardened, natural lenses.

If you’re tired of wearing reading glasses and not being able to see properly because of presbyopia, talk to your eye doctor! They can recommend the best option for you and your eyes.

Ready to see clearly without the difficulties of presbyopia holding you back? Schedule an appointment at Herschel LASIK and Cataract Institute in Orlando, FL!

Those who know choose Herschel LASIK and Cataract Institute

Beautiful office. Amazing and caring staff. Getting my surgery done Saturday and the Doctor and the staff helped choose the right option for me and I didn't feel pushed to commit. One of the only few who commits the patient to a dry eye treatment as per my research. Post-surgery I hope to keep my 5 star rating because I have nothing bad to say!

Yogi Nayyar (Google), February 2020

I recently did my LASIK procedure about 1 week ago and was completely blown away from beginning to end with the SERVICE received from the entire staff at Herschel LASIK. The office is beautifully decorated and the staff was always professional, personable, knowledgeable and friendly. I particularly enjoyed the way that everything was explained clearly before, during and after my procedure and questions were always encouraged and answered. My experience was the best encounter to date with a physician. Excellent doctor + excellent support staff +excellent service = excellent experience and a happy customer. Thank you so much Dr. Herschel, Doris and Francesca.

Vernicia Sturrup (Google), September 2019

Great service, sometimes a bit of a wait, but I take a full lobby as a sign of a well recommended doctor. Staff is friendly & quick to answerphones & squeeze me in when I got an eye problem. Would definitely recommend them to anyone wanting to get LASIK. Doctor even personally called to check on me the night after my procedure.

Stephanie G. (Yelp), January 2020

I got my LASIK procedure done here. I was apprehensive, mostly because anything to do with my eyes kind of freaked me out.
I went under a free consultation. The nurses/assistants were very nice and they answered any questions I had. Then I met Dr. Herschel and he was very nice and understanding. He explained all that would happen, how everything works, how long recovery will be, everything.
So, I agreed and start the process. I love the fact you always meet with Dr. Herschel at every appointment.
I now have 20/20 vision.
I'd highly recommend going to him for all of your vision needs.

Kelsea K. (Yelp), November 2019

Great surgeon and great staff. Do your research, Dr. Herschel is more than just a LASIK surgeon. He is certified and specializes in all areas of eye surgery so have peace of mind that you are getting one of the best. They use current technology and machines. More so, if your eyes aren’t ready for surgery he has no problem delaying 1-2 weeks until they are 100% good-to-go. He will not risk your health for the sake of money.

Dave T. (Yelp)
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